An introduction to the history of the gilded age

3 The Gilded Age

In some states, unemployment rose to almost 50 percent. Basically, it was pro-business. Thesquare foot, room mansion was completed in and is now a popular museum. The realization that anyone could buy a ticket for a thousand-mile trip was empowering.

Many of whom still have their names on things today. Ferguson, which upheld segregation laws. Greed and corruption ran into the toughness of such reformers as Susan B.

MorganLeland StanfordMeyer GuggenheimJacob SchiffCharles CrockerCornelius Vanderbilt would sometimes be labeled " robber barons " by their critics, who argue their fortunes were made at the expense of the working classby chicanery and a betrayal of democracy.

American steel production rose to surpass the combined totals of Britain, Germany, and France. Nationwide, turnout fell sharply after Sinclair's novelThe Jungleexposed unsanitary conditions in the American meatpacking industry; Riis, a photographer and social reformer, captured the conditions of New York tenement life inHow the Other Half Lives.

Some tried to improve life for their employees, donated millions to charities and nonprofits and supported their communities by providing funding for everything from libraries and hospitals to universities, public parks and zoos.

As the working class continued to use strikes and boycotts to fight for higher wages and improved working conditions, their bosses staged lock-outs and brought in replacement workers known as scabs.

Introduction to the Gilded Age

Adams received the Nobel Peace Prize in It is generally given as the beginning of the Progressive Era in the s sometimes the United States presidential election of [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] but also falls in a range that includes the Spanish—American War inTheodore Roosevelt 's accession to the presidency inand even the U.

The ratification of the 18th Amendment in began prohibition in the United States, though whether it fulfilled the promises of its progressive champions is debatable. A typical career path would see a young man hired at age 18 as a shop laborer, be promoted to skilled mechanic at age 24, brakemen at 25, freight conductor at 27, and passenger conductor at age As time went on, the income inequality between wealthy and poor became more and more glaring.

The above objectives correspond with the Alabama Course of Study: Most of the rooms didn't have windows or electric lighting, or ventilation.

It was the summer home of railroad mogul Cornelius Vanderbilt. Muckrakers Muckrakers is a term used to describe reporters who exposed corruption among politicians and the elite. Identify the origins of the Progressive Movement. In —, they liquidated their American assets to pay for war supplies.

The invention of electricity brought illumination to homes and businesses and created an unprecedented, thriving night life. Progressives who advocated the government regulation of industry asserted that economic and social policy could not easily be separated. The concentrated shift from homogenous, rural populations to diversified, urban ones created crowding and poverty, yet the industrial elites enjoyed a new wealth and urbane lifestyle that allowed for increased cultivation of the arts.

They advanced Progressive causes of public health and worker safety, campaigned against child laborand pushed for reforms in prisons and slums. However, it was also an era of dynamic industrial growth, technological innovation, and especially political evolution: This lesson incorporates the following Literacy Standards: Muckrakers exposed corruption in political parties, governments, labor unions, and corporations especially oil and railroads.

Railroad Strikes On July 16,the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company announced a percent pay cut on its railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginiathe second cut in less than eight months.

Although the first labor unions occurred around the turn of the nineteenth century, they gained momentum during the Gilded Age, thanks to the increased number of unskilled and unsatisfied factory workers.

They lasted several years, with high urban unemployment, low incomes for farmers, low profits for business, slow overall growth, and reduced immigration. Although Roosevelt supported corporate America, he also felt there should be federal controls in place to keep excessive corporate greed in check and prevent individuals from making obscene amounts of money off the backs of immigrants and the lower class.

Yet the Gilded Age was also a time of great energy and transformation. While many stress the negative influences of politics, industry, and technology on the society as a whole, others object to the emphasis on greed and corruption so often connected with the era, and instead focus on the dramatic and rapid transformation of the entire nation.

Retrieved November 29, from Encyclopedia. They advanced Progressive causes of public health and worker safety, campaigned against child laborand pushed for reforms in prisons and slums. Can you think of a time when it took a tragedy to bring about change. Some of the most successful corporate endeavors became monopolies.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Although industry had existed prior to the war, agriculture had represented the most significant portion of the American economy.

The competition was ruthless. In many cases, politicians cut shady backroom deals and helped create railroad and shipping tycoons such as Cornelius Vanderbilt and Jay Gould.

Introduction to the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era. The Gilded Age and the Progressive Era in the United States spanned the years from the end of Reconstruction through the s.

Many historians overlap the end of the Gilded Age (–) with the beginning of the Progressive Era (–). In this unit students will be focusing on the American society during the Gilded Age.

Students will understand the rise of the Gilded Age through invention and technology. Students will see how progress includes opportunities and challenges and the.

Gilded Age and Progressive Era

The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today was a famous satirical novel by Mark Twain set in the late s, and the term “Gilded Age” soon came to define the tumultuous years between the Civil War and.

The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today is an novel by the famous writer Mark Twain and co-author Charles Dudley Warner. The novel is set in the period of the late 19th century; a time when greed and political corruption ruled the land.

The Gilded age refers to the brief time in American History after the Civil War Restoration period. The Gilded Age derived its name from the many great fortunes that were created during this period.

Illinois In the Gilded Age is a great site for Gilded Age issues, especially labor and politics. Produced by the Northern Illinois University Libraries’ Digitization Unit, the site offers background articles, analytical essays, lesson plans, and interactive maps.

An introduction to the history of the gilded age
Rated 0/5 based on 46 review
Gilded Age and Progressive Era | New Visions - Social Studies